Prof. Mehmet Haberal is presented with The Award of The Spanish Order of The Civil Merit (Cruz de Official) by His Majesty King Felipe VI, King of Spain.
We are honored to announce that Prof. Dr. Seza Özen who is the member of Honorary Advisory Board of JBACHS has already won the Aziz Sancar Science Award of TUSEB.
We are happy to announce that The Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences (JBACHS) is indexed by the Emerging Sources Citation Index since November 2017, and indexed by the Ulakbim-TR since 2017.
Journal of Basic and Clinical Health Sciences 2020 , Vol 4 , Issue 2
Evaluation of Daily Rhythm in High School Children
Dilek Orbatu1,Kayı Eliaçık1
1Tepecik Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pediatrics, İzmir, Turkey DOI : 10.30621/jbachs.2020.1014 Background: Regular night"s sleep, which is among the most fundamental needs of human beings, is accepted as one of the most important factors of health and quality of life at all ages. Daily rhythm patterns effect one"s attention, memory, problem solving skills, work, and academic performance. This research study was planned to determine daily rhythm awareness among adolescents. Considering the psychological and physiological factors brought about by the adolescent age, it is considered that it is more important to evaluate this age group in terms of daily rhythm awareness. The aim of this study was to determine the daily rhythm pattern of adolescent age group by applying the Circadian Rhythm Assessment Scale to high school children.

Method: The study was performed in the Pediatric Clinics of Tepecik Training and Research Hospital after approvals from the local ethics committee of the hospital, and provincial national education directorate ethics committee were obtained. The students who were between the ages of 14–18 and continuing their high school education in Izmir constituted the study population. Undersigned consent forms were obtained from children who agreed to participate in the study. The sample size was calculated as 2144 participants with a margin of simple random sampling, 0.2 error margin, 0.80 power value, and 95% confidence interval.

Results: Questionnaire forms were distributed to a total of 2144 accessible high school students, and 1953 students answered the question inquiring their grades. Accordingly, the students were in the 9th (42%), 10th (29.4%), 11th (15.9%), and 12th (3.8%) grades, while 57.3% of the study group consisted of female students. When the relationship between total scale score and gender was evaluated, it was seen that boys obtained statistically significantly higher scores than girls (p=0.000). There was no significant difference between the scale scores and the grades of the students (p=0.452). When the relationship between the grades and the survey questions was evaluated, it was seen that in higher grades c and d options of the 4th question were ticked, in other words the evening hours were more frequently preferred in higher grades (r=0.086, p=0.000).

Conclusion: This study will raise awareness on the concept of morningness/eveningness and the factors affecting it, especially in adolescents and also it will contribute to the literature. Keywords : Daily rhythm, adolescent